The Journal Jurisprudence is published by the Elias Clark Group and distributed in connection with the Gale Group, a part of Cengage Learning.


Dr Aron Ping D'Souza
Stawell Chambers, Melbourne and
Lately of the University of Melbourne



Past Guest Editors

Dr. Jur. Eric Engle
Harvard University

Richard Mullender
Reader, Newcastle Law School
Newcastle University

Professor Thomas Boudreau
Salisbury University  

Associate Professor Juan Carlos Sainz-Borgo
The University for Peace

Professor Brian Polkinghorn
Salisbury University

Mr Trent J Smyth
Consul of the Republic of Malawi for Australia

Stephen Keim, SC
Higgins Chambers, Brisbane

Past Contributors

Assistant Professor Kyle A. Scott
University of North Florida

Dr Ofer Raban
University of Oregon

Mr Jesse Ram Merriam
Johns Hopkins University

Dr Nehaluddin Ahmad
Multimedia University of Malaysia

Mr Jason S. Crye
Roger Williams University

Mr Benjamin Taibleson
Yale University

Dr. Jur. Eric Engle
Harvard University

Professor Nicholas Mercuro
Michigan State University

Dr Martin Gramatikov
Tilburg University 

Associate Professor Adam J. MacLeod
Faulkner University

Dr Jason A. Beckett
University of Leicester

Ms Brooke Glass-O'Shea
University of Southern California

Mr Jonathan Blackmore
Shepard Broad Law Centre
Nova Southeastern University

Associate Professor Robert L. McFarland
Faulkner University

Mr Joshua Masters
New York University

Mr Pablo S. Hurtado
Ruhl Law Group

Assistant Professor Kevin Govern
Ave Maria University

Mr Thomas Kupka
University of Bremen

Mr Samuel Alexander
University of Melbourne

Mr Max McCann
New York City Law Department

Ms. Donna M. Lyons
New York University

Professor Bidzina Savaneli
University of Tbilisi

Richard Mullender
Reader, Newcastle Law School
Newcastle University

Allan C Hutchinson
Distinguished Research Professor
Osgoode Hall School of Law
Osgoode Hall University

Derek Morgan
Sometime Professor of Law
The University of Sheffield &
Editor, The Journal of Professional Negligence

T.T. Arvind
Lecturer in Law, School of Law
University of York

Ole W. Pedersen
Lecturer in Law, Newcastle Law School
Newcastle University

Patrick O'Callaghan
Lecturer in Law, Newcastle Law School
Newcastle University

Gemma Turton
Lecturer in Law, School of Law
University of Leicester

Emilia Mickiewicz
Doctoral Student, Newcastle Law School

David Campbell
Durham Law School
Durham University UK

Man Chun Siu
Newcastle Law School Graduate (2010)

Thomas D. C. Bennett

Dr P.L.M. Lucatuorto
University of Bologna

Dr David M. Finkelstein
United States Court of Appeal for the Second Circuit

Professor Edgardo Rotman
University of Miami

Mr Isaac J. Colunga
Ice Miller LLP

Mr George Skouras
The New School for Social Research

Dr Scott Hamilton Dewey
UCLA School of Law

C.G. Bateman
University of British Columbia

Mr Daniel Correa
Oklahoma City University

Professor Reed Elizabeth Loder
Vermont Law School

Professor James Wilson
Cleveland State University

Dr Hugo Omar Seleme
National University of Córdoba

Dr Matt Steilen
Covington & Burling

Adjunct Professor Peter J. Mazzacano
Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Adjunct Professor Allen Mendenhall
Faulkner University

Mr John Aberdeen
The Queensland Bar

Professor Richard A. Westin
University of Kentucky

Mr Luke W. Hunt
United States Department of Justice

Mr Richard Hanania
University of Chicago

Professor Wahab O. Egbewole
University of Ilorin

Mr Olugbenga A. Olatunji
University of Ilorin

Assistant Professor Mohammed A. Abdelaal
Alexandria University

Dr. Edwin Egede
Cardiff University

Dr. Oche Onazi
University of Dundee

Dr. Muhtar Etudaiye
University of Ilorin

Mr Mohammed Etudaiye
University of Abuja

Ms Adeloa Aderomola
University of Pretoria

Professor Thomas Boudreau
Salisbury University  

Associate Professor Juan Carlos Sainz-Borgo
The University for Peace

Professor Brian Polkinghorn
Salisbury University

The Right Honourable Malcolm Fraser, AC CH
Prime Minister of Australia (1975 - 1983)

Professor Mihir Kanade
The University for Peace       

Judge Baltasar Garzón
OAS Mission to Columbia MAPP-OEA

Assistant Professor Tara Helfman
Syracuse University College of Law

Professor Bernard Ntahiraja
The University of Burundi

Mr Alexander Green
University College London

Dr Joaquín González Ibáñez
Madrid Alfonso X University

Dr Claudio Bozzi
Deakin University

Mr Richard Hanania
University of Chicago

Dr Xanthe Mallett
University of New England

Mr Stephen Kruger
Attorney at Law

Mr Jacob Nebel
Marshall Scholar-Elect
Princeton University

Mr Geoff Turley
J.D. Candidate
The George Washington University Law School

Associate Professor D. Scott Broyles
Charlotte Law School

Professor Allen Shoenberger
Loyola University Chicago School of Law

Dr Guy Lurie
Lately of Georgetown University

Professor Lawrence S. Zacharias
Professor Emeritus
Isenberg School of Management
University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Dr Gavin Byrne
Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham

Dr Alexander Pulte
Associate-in-Law, Lecturer and Postdoctoral Research Scholar
Columbia Law School
Columbia University

The Hon Michael Kirby AC, CMG
Justice of the High Court of Australia (1996 – 2009)

Dr Mark D. Kielsgard
Assistant Professor of Law
City University of Hong Kong

Ms Edwina MacDonald

Ms Liz Snell
Women’s Legal Services New South Wales

Dr Torivio A. Fodder
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow
Maori & Indigenous Governance Centre
Te Piringa – Faculty of Law, University of Waikato

Professor Susan H. Bitensky
Alan S. Zekelman Professor of International Human Rights Law
Michigan State University College of Law

Mr Karl T. Muth
Lecturer in Economics and Public Policy
Northwestern University

Dr Richard Baker
Lawyer & Psychiatrist

Ms Vanessa Taylor

Stephen Keim, SC
Higgins Chambers, Brisbane

Mr Ivan Cachanosky
Universidad de Buenos Aires

Ms Vannia J. Zelaya
Master of Public Policy Candidate
Pepperdine University

Professor Walter E. Block
Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair and Professor of Economics, Joseph A. Butt, S.J. College of Business, Loyola University New Orleans

Mr James Goetz
Independent Scholar

Associate Professor Nicholas Buccola
Linfield College

Associate Professor Zoran Nikoli
Associate Professor of Sociology
University of East Sarajevo

Dr Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker
Lecturer in Law
University of Surrey

Dr David A. Eisenberg
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science
Baruch College, City University of New York &
Assistant Director for Academic Affairs, Arts and Sciences
Columbia University

Associate Professor Surendra Bhandari
Associate Professor
Ritsumeikan University

Dr Don Stacy, M.D. dABR
Independent Scholar

Mr Joshua Nguyen
Research Assistant
Loyola University New Orleans

Mr Bret N. Bogenschneider
WU Global Tax Policy Center
Vienna University of Economics and Business

Mr Dawood Adesola Hamzah
Department of Law
The School of Oriental and African Studies
University of London

Mr Robert J. Ridge
Clark Hill

Professor Jeffery Johnson
Professor of Philosophy
Eastern Oregon University

Professor Deborah Anthony
Associate Professor and Chair, Legal Studies
University of Illinois Springfield

Professor Russ VerSteeg
Professor of Law
New England Law | Boston

The Honorable Stephen J. Sfekas
Associate Judge of the Circuit Court for Baltimore City

Ms Jaimie K. McFarlin
J.D., Class of 2015
Harvard Law School

Mr John Passant
Formerly, Assistant Commissioner of Taxation
Australian Tax Office

Mr John Greenwell
Deputy President
Australian Law Reform Commission (1987 – 1992)

Dr Tom Frost
Lecturer in Legal Theory
University of Sussex

Daniele Bertolini
Assistant Professor
Ted Rogers School of Management
Ryerson University

Bronwyn Lay, PhD
European Graduate School

Laurent Neyret
Professor of Law
University of Versailles

Damien Short
Reader & Director Human Rights Consortium
University of London

Michael Urs Baumgartner, MSW
Greenpeace, Switzerland

Antonio A. Oposa Jr
International Visiting Professor
University of Hawai’i

Gary Lilienthal
Senior Lecturer
School of Law
College of Government and International Studies
Universiti Utara Malaysia

Twana A. Hassan
PhD Candidate
TC Beirne School of Law
The University of Queensland

Jasper Doomen
Assistant Professor
Utrecht University School of Law

J G Moore
JD Student
University of New South Wales

Prof. Dr. iur. Alexander J. Wulf
Institute of Law and Economics
University of Hamburg

Dr Bret N. Bogenschneider
Senior Lecturer, Finance Law & Ethics
University of Surrey

Dr Allan Ardill
Griffith Law School
Griffith University

Dr Nikolai Wenzel
Research Fellow
Centre for Law & Economics
University of Paris Law School

Professor William J. Carney
Charles Howard Candler Professor of Law Emeritus
Emory University

Dr Catherine S. Namakula
Senior Lecturer in Law
The University of Fort Hare

Associate Professor Doron Menashe
Associate Professor of Law
University of Haifa

Mr Sivan Biber
Doctoral Candidate
University of Hiafa

Mr Tristan Dunford
United States Senate Judiciary Committee

Robin Nilon
Assistant Professor of Law
Temple University, Beasley School of Law

Shlomo C. Pill
Visiting Assistant Professor of Jewish, Islamic, and American Law and Religion,
The Candler School of Theology &
Senior Fellow
The Centre for the Study of Law and Religion
Emory University

Assistant Professor Morad Elsana
Fellow of the Israel Institute
Visiting Assistant Professor
Californian Western School of Law

Olivia Ljubanovic
Ph.D. Candidate
University of Adelaide

Michael Mears
Associate Professor
Atlanta’s John Marshall Law School


Keywords: Aron Ping D'Souza, Aron D'Souza, Adam J. MacLeod, Eric Engle, Jason A. Beckett